Product Take-back in USA - Vermont

Relevant USA - Vermont Reg Alerts

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March 1, 2015
Vermont Opens Comment Period on Draft Regulations that Would...
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May 20, 2014
Vermont Is First State to Pass Single-Use Battery Recycling ...
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July 30, 2013
Vermont Joins Maryland in Restricting Flame Retardants in Ch...

Last Updated: January 28, 2016
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On May 8, 2014, the Vermont legislature passed H.695, an "Act Relating to Establishing a Product Stewardship Program for Primary Batteries," an extended producer responsibility ("EPR") law for single-use primary batteries. While certain municipal governments and private organizations are already collecting and recycling single-use batteries on a voluntary basis, Vermont would be the first U.S. state to mandate EPR for such batteries. The new law is awaiting signature by Governor Peter Shumlin, who is expected to approve the measure.

In 2012, state of Vermont enacted HB 485, which amended the state's electronics product take-back law, with minor changes to product scope, market share, and collection provisions. The amendments:

  • Add tablet computers to the definition of "computers" covered by the law.
  • Define market share to mean an estimate of the weight of CEDs sold in the state based upon national sales data, unless the state approves a manufacturer to use actual sales data.
  • Provide that if seven or fewer covered devices are delivered to a collector at a given time, those devices shall be presumed to be from a covered entity.

Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin signed H. 485 into law on May 16, 2012. The amendments became effective July 1, 2012.

In April 2010, the Vermont legislature enacted a law to create a comprehensive product take-back program for computers and other covered electronic devices. This action followed a number of other state actions directed towards addressing management of used or discarded electronic equipment. In 2008, the state amended the "Energy Independence and Economic Prosperity Act" to require Vermont's solid waste management plan to include methods to collect, recycle, or dispose of obsolete electronic equipment. In addition, the Vermont legislature requested two reports on electronic waste management in 2004 and 2005.

The state has also banned the disposal of mercury-containing thermostats and requires manufacturers to collect these out-of-service thermostats for recycling. In addition, Vermont retailers and manufacturers must collect and recycle lead acid batteries.


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