Cyprus Overview

Jurisdiction Overview
Subject Overview

Relevant Cyprus Reg Alerts

August 18, 2015
Subject Report Updated - Restricted Substances Overview in C...
January 4, 2012
Subject Report Updated - Batteries in Cyprus
July 8, 2011
Subject Report Updated - Transboundary Waste Shipments in Cy...


Cyprus Summary

The history of Cyprus, the third largest Mediterranean island after Sicily and Sardinia, goes back 9,000 years. Today, Cyprus (9,251 sq. km; approximately 802,500 inhabitants) is a republic with a presidential system of government. The three branches of power in Cyprus are the legislative, the executive and the judicial.

In Cyprus, pursuant to the 1960 Constitution, executive power is ensured by the President of the Republic, who is elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term of office. The executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers, which is appointed by the President of the Republic. The House of Representatives consisting of 80 Members (56 Greek Cypriots, 24 Turkish Cypriots) and elected by proportional representation for a five-year term is vested with the legislative power. The judiciary is an independent branch of power.

Current Environmental problems include water resource problems associated with no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall and sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer; water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; and loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization.

Cyprus entered the European Union on 1 May 2004. Under the terms of the accession negotiations, candidate countries are obliged to transpose the environmental acquis (Community law) into national law by the date of accession. However, in the case of very recent EU legislation which entails significant investments and/or infrastructure upgrades, accession countries may negotiate transition periods beyond the accession date. Cyprus’s negotiations with the EU on the environmental chapter of the accession programme were closed in December 2002. The country obtained transitional arrangements with regard to recovery targets for packaging waste (until 2005), air pollution from large combustion plants (special provisions), and treatment of urban waste water (until 2012).

Subject Reports on Cyprus:

BatteriesDesign for EnvironmentEnergy Efficiency Packaging and LabelingProduct Take-backTransboundary Waste Shipments

Restricted Substance Reports on Cyprus:

Aliphatic hydrocarbonsAsbestos compoundsAzo dyesBenzene and TolueneCadmium compoundsChromium compoundsDioxins and FuransDisperse dyesF-gasesFlame retardants compoundsFormaldehydeLead compoundsMercury compoundsNickel compounds Organostannic compoundsOzone depleting CFCsOzone depleting halonsOzone depleting HBFCsOzone depleting HCFCsOzone depleting methyl bromideOzone depleting solventsPCBs, PCTs and PCNsPCP, its salts and ethersPesticide compoundsPhthalatesRestricted Substances OverviewUgilec 121, 141 and DBBTVinyl monomer



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